Red Bluff, CaliforniaEdit
|City of Red Bluff|
|— City —|
| Location in Tehama County and the state of California|
|Coordinates: 40°10′36″N 122°14′17″W / 40.17667°N 122.23806°W / 40.17667; -122.23806Coordinates: 40°10′36″N 122°14′17″W / 40.17667°N 122.23806°W / 40.17667; -122.23806|
|• Total||7.677 sq mi (19.882 km2)|
|• Land||7.563 sq mi (19.587 km2)|
|• Water||0.114 sq mi (0.295 km2) 1.48%|
|Elevation||305 ft (93 m)|
|• Density||1,833.5/sq mi (708/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||0277581|
The Nomlaki people originally inhabited the area along the banks of the Sacramento River where Red Bluff was built. Most of the native population of the area died in a malaria epidemic in the early 1830s. By the time white settlers arrived in the 1840s the area was occupied by the Yana and Wintun people.
While the Spanish army officer Gabriel Moraga explored the southern Sacramento Valley in 1808, it was not until the 1821 expedition of Luís Antonio Argüello that Europeans recorded a visit to the Red Bluff area. On April 10, 1828, Jedediah Smith passed through on the way to Oregon. In 1843 Peter Lassen, John Bidwell, and John Burheim came in pursuit of horse thieves; Lassen then applied for a Mexican land grant. The first house where Red Bluff now is was an adobe put up late in 1849 by John Myers, who conducted it for a short time as a hotel. In the following spring Mr. Cooper erected a small adobe there, and A.M. Dibble built another at the "Adobe" Ferry, one mile (1.6 km) north. This adobe has been incorrectly associated with William B. Ide, whose home was south of Red Bluff. Settlement began in 1850 when Sashel Woods and Charles L. Wilson began laying out a town called Leodocia. It was known by that name and Covertsburg until 1854, when maps showed the community as Red Bluffs.
In 1851 Captain Ellbridge G. Reed built and started a hotel near where the creek now known as Reeds Creek enters the Sacramento River and conducted it with great success for years. Being at the head of navigation, Red Bluff soon forged ahead, and during the early mining excitements in the northern mines was a great staging town, and did an immense amount of transhipping and teaming of goods. It languished later on with the subsidence of activity in the mines, reviving again in the early 1870s on the advent of the railroad. In 1854 Red Bluff had a population of 1,000 people. In 1860 it had twice as many. On the organization of the county in 1856, there was a strong attempt to locate the county seat at Tehama, but in March, 1857, Red Bluff was chosen.
The city of Red Bluff was incorporated in 1876.
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Red Bluff is located at 40°10′36″N 122°14′17″W / 40.17667°N 122.23806°W / 40.17667; -122.23806 (40.176640, -122.237951). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.7 square miles (20 km2). 7.6 square miles (20 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it is water. The total area is 1.48% water.
Red Bluff has a Mediterranean climate (Csa) with cool, wet winters and hot, dry summers. There are an average of 100.1 days annually with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher and an average of 21.5 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. The record highest temperature was 121 °F (49 °C) on August 7, 1981, and the record lowest temperature was 17 °F (−8 °C) on January 9, 1937. Annual precipitation averages 23.21 inches (59.0 cm) with measurable precipitation falling of an average of 71 days. The wettest year was 1983 with 52.98 inches (134.6 cm) and the driest year was 1976 with 7.20 inches (18.3 cm). The most rainfall in one month was 21.47 inches (54.5 cm) in January 1995 and the most rainfall in 24 hours was 3.55 inches (9.0 cm) on January 8, 1995. The most snowfall in one month was 15.0 inches (38 cm) in January 1937.
| Climate data for Red Bluff, California|
|Record high °F (°C)||78|
|Average high °F (°C)||54.7|
|Average low °F (°C)||37.1|
|Record low °F (°C)||17|
|Rainfall inches (mm)||4.45|
|Snowfall inches (cm)||1.1|
|Source: WRCC |
The 2010 United States Census reported that Red Bluff had a population of 14,076. The population density was 1,833.6 people per square mile (708.0/km²). The racial makeup of Red Bluff was 11,366 (80.7%) White, 128 (0.9%) African American, 438 (3.1%) Native American, 187 (1.3%) Asian, 16 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,168 (8.3%) from other races, and 773 (5.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,037 persons (21.6%).
The Census reported that 13,637 people (96.9% of the population) lived in households, 150 (1.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 289 (2.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 5,376 households, out of which 2,033 (37.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,969 (36.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,022 (19.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 404 (7.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 537 (10.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 27 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,629 households (30.3%) were made up of individuals and 678 (12.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54. There were 3,395 families (63.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.11.
The population was spread out with 3,950 people (28.1%) under the age of 18, 1,534 people (10.9%) aged 18 to 24, 3,561 people (25.3%) aged 25 to 44, 3,157 people (22.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,874 people (13.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.2 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.
There were 5,872 housing units at an average density of 764.9 per square mile (295.3/km²), of which 2,277 (42.4%) were owner-occupied, and 3,099 (57.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.3%. 5,652 people (40.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 7,985 people (56.7%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,147 people, 5,109 households, and 3,239 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,768.7 people per square mile (683.2/km²). There were 5,567 housing units at an average density of 748.9 per square mile (289.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.7% White, 0.6% Black, 2.2% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.8% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.7% of the population. 
There were 5,109 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,029, and the median income for a family was $32,799. Males had a median income of $26,807 versus $21,048 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,060. About 17.7% of families and 21.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.6% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.
- The annual Red Bluff Round-Up, first held in 1921, has become one of the west's largest rodeos. The town is well-known throughout the nation due to its popular bull competitions.
- TehamaPulse.com is an online events calendar for Tehama County, including Red Bluff.
- Red Bluff's Little League 11-12 year old All-Star baseball team was the Northern California State Champion and the runner up in the West Region in the 2011 Little League World Series. The Team played twice on Television, ESPN and ESPN 2. The team was honored on several different occasions including being invited to a San Francisco Giants game, where the team was congratulated on the field.
- Red Bluff's Little League 11-12 year old All-Star baseball team was the United States Little League Champion and the runner-up in the 1974 Little League World Series.
- On April 30, 1984, the Cone & Kimball building in downtown Red Bluff burned down. A park with a new clocktower was built on its lot in 2007.
- In late 1984, it was discovered that Colleen Stan had been kept as a sex slave on Weed Court since 1977, without anyone outside her abductors household knowing.
- On November 19, 2002, Andrew Mickel shot and killed Officer David Mobilio of the Red Bluff Police Department in an attempt to make a political statement against "corporate irresponsibility" and the government's "police-state tactics". The case brought national media attention to Red Bluff.
- On December 2, 2008 Jim Long shot a California Highway Patrol officer in the leg as he was responding to assist Tehama Sheriff Deputies on a disturbance call. Long and the deputies exchanged gun fire and Long was killed in the shootout. The officer was later flown to Enloe hospital in Chico CA, and survived his wounds.
- Red Bluff Daily News
- The Redding Record Searchlight runs a weekly publication called Tehama Today for Red Bluff residents. It is included in the Sunday editions of the Record Searchlight.
- Chuck Cecil, former National Football League safety
- Michael Chiarello, American celebrity chef
- Shane Drake, award-winning music video director
- Clair Engle, a former United States Senator, was known as "The Pride of Red Bluff"
- Gale Gilbert, NFL quarterback
- Leo Gorcey, American stage and movie actor
- Marv Grissom, Major League Baseball player
- Tom Hanks, actor
- Jim Hanks, voice and character actor (brother of Tom Hanks)
- William B. Ide, who joined the Bear Flag Revolt and was named President of the California Republic
- Bill Redell, former Occidental College quarterback and College Football Hall of Fame member
- Jeff Serr, radio personality and voice actor
- Robert Shaw, famous choral conductor
- ^ U.S. Census
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- ^ "Monthly Station Normals of Temperature, Precipitation, and Heating and Cooling Degree Days 1971 − 2000" (PDF). Western Region Climate Center. May 2011. http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ca7292. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ Booth, William. - "Murder, Incorporated?". - Washington Post. - April 4, 2005.
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