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Republic of Peru
Peru map 001




Spanish, Quéchua (both official); Aymara; many minor Amazonian languages

Ethnic Groups

Amerindian 45%, mestizo 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%


Unitary state, Presidential system, Constitutional republic, Republic


Peruvian nuevo sol


Map of Peru

Palace of Government

Palace of Government

Peru (official name: the Republic of Peru) is a country located in the western part of South America. It is a vast country covering an area of 1,285,216 km² (20th) which makes it the 20th largest country in the world. Population wise it ranks 40th and its estimated population in 2014 was 30,814,175 Peru is bound on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on other sides by Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the south-east, and Chile to the south. Peru has a long history and the Inca Empire took birth in Peru. It is also home to many ethnic social groups displaying cultural diversities.

Tips for: backpackersbusiness travelersluxury/exotic travelhitchhikersfamiliesseniorsLBG travelerspet owners

Hotels and lodging

Hotels in Peru are as varied as the country's landscapes and people. Luxury five-star hotels are available in Lima, and luxurious botique and historical hotels, monasteries and haciends are a rewarding way to visit Cusco and the Machu Picchu area.

Eco lodges in the Peruvian Amazon provide a comfortable, up-close look into the wildlife of the world's largest rainforest.

Small family-run hotels in Peru are perhaps the most intimate way to get to know the country, that is, except for an adventurous home stay where you'll come to understand the culture of Peru first hand with a Peruvian family.


Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is a pre-Columbian Inca citadel located on a high ridge in the Urubamba Valley in southern Peru. Construction started around 1400 AD but abandoned as an official site for the Inca’s only 100 years later when the Spanish invaded. Although Machu Picchu was known locally, it was bought to international attention in 1911 by the famous American Yale explorer and archaeologist Hiram Bingham.

As the site was never discovered by the Spanish during their conquest,

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu lay dormant for many hundreds of years. For this reason it is highly significant in the history of the Inca civilization. In 1983 Machu Picchu became a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and in 2007 it was voted one of the New Severn Wonders of the World in a worldwide internet poll.

Machu Picchu receives thousands of international visitors every year, and is one of the most popular historical sites in South America. Machu Picchu is responsible for a huge increase in Peru vacations and Peru travel.

Travel Agents

  • Totally Perui E.I.R.L - a specialist travel based in Cusco - Peru, offering custom and set tours throughout Peru and Ecuador. Their specialist team of sales professionals are ready and waiting to assist you with planning the perfect Peru vacation for you and your family. Totally Peru are also specialists in Galapagos Machu Picchu combined tours, and can assist you with planning your trip of a life time.

Maps and transportation

Getting to Peru

  • Travel Peru and Bolivia by bus Ride the Toad! Travel your own way on Peru's only hop on hop off bus. We offer you greater freedom and flexibility as you backpack around Peru and Bolivia.

Exploring Peru

Motorcycle Tours Motorbike Expeditions in Peru Motorcycle Tours of South America - Compass Expeditions - Over 20 tours ranging from 10 day to 5 month Expeditions, riding new model BMW bikes. Ride one of our bikes or bring your own. Come and experience the extraordinary with us. We are based in Australia but also have representation in USA. Compass Expeditions. +61353686473 +5033691955

Practical information and resources

  • is the most complete online resource for information about travel in Peru. This comprehesive Peru Guide is maintained by travel experts living and working in Cusco, Peru.
  • Experience a different side of Peru by studying there - brush up on your Spanish! Check out all of your options for study abroad in Peru.




Text with links to user-reviews on other pages


According to the World Travel Guide,

Lima’s thriving night scene and you’ll find everything from salsa beats to smooth jazz. After-dark revelries bursts into action late on Thursday night and lasts until the early hours of Sunday morning.

In Miraflores, music bars and clubs crowd around Parque Kennedy while the swankiest clubs are set in the Larcomar shopping centre. The perennial hotspot is Barranco where the hippest bars, clubs and music haunts take over both scrappy hole-in-the-walls and sophisticated colonial mansions.

Those hankering after a more cultural soiree will find the answer in Lima’s colourful peñas (folkloric dance shows) where nabbing a table will involve a cover charge. The reward is vibrant music and traditional song performed by high-octane, costumed performers.

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