Founded in 1855 as a Mormon colony, the city expanded rapidly, following the construction of Hoover Dam on the Colorado River and the subsequent formation of Lake Mead. Construction of the dam began in 1931 and was completed in 1936. Another significant event in 1931 was the formal legalization of gambling by the Nevada legislature.
The city is home to the University of Nevada-Las Vegas (1957), and the Nevada State Museum and Historical Society, the latter containing interesting exhibits about the history of the state. Las Vegas is famed for its large casinos and luxurious hotels. The first casino was The Flamingo Las Vegas, built in 1946 and owned by Bugsy Siegel. A renowned gangster, Bugsy invested money gained from a life of crime in the sumptuous interior of the hotel and its dazzling pink neon façade. The Flamingo set the guideline, still valid today, for the current elegant and somewhat flashy hotels. Edit this section or read more
Hotels and lodgingEdit
Las Vegas StripEdit
- Palazzo_Resort_Hotel_Las_Vegas - 3255 Las Vegas Blvd - 3066 rooms / 50 floors on The Strip
- Trump International Hotel & Tower Las Vegas Soaring high above the Strip, the Trump International Hotel & Tower Las Vegas rises 64 stories to offer sweeping panoramic views of the city against a majestic backdrop of surrounding mountains. The Trump International Hotel & Tower Las Vegas houses 1,232 graciously furnished suites and 50 penthouse suites, complete with floor-to-ceiling windows, The Spa at Trump and Health Club, exceptional dining and well-appointed amenities.
- Best_Western_Mardi_Gras_Inn_Las_Vegas - 3500 Paradise Ave - Adjacent to Wynn Golf Course
- Embassy_Suites_Hotel_Convention_Center - 3600 Paradise Ave - Adjacent to Wynn Golf Course
Las Vegas SouthsideEdit
- Holiday_Inn_Express_Boulder_Junction - 5760 Polaris Ave - Near McCarran Airport and The Strip - South Las Vegas
- JW Marriott Las Vegas Resort & Spa - 221 N Rampart Blvd - The JW Marriott Las Vegas Resort is located in the heart of Southern Nevada's most prestigious collection of golf courses, boasting 50 acres of flourishing gardens, a resort pool with waterfalls and whirlpools, a lavish spa, and eleven restaurants, from fine dining to casual.
The gambling nerve centre of Las Vegas is Downtown, the Centre and above all the Strip, an 18 km long road flanked by hotels and casinos of monstrous dimensions. Theme hotels have sprung up over the last twenty years, these amusement parks house the largest casinos, characterized by the constant background noise of the tinkling of thousands of slot machines. The true monuments to Las Vegas are its hotels and their large and surprising interiors.
The Imperial Palace houses one of the largest collections of historic cars, while the Mirage, situated in front of the Imperial, welcomes its visitors with an artificial lake and a volcano that erupts and spews lava every 15 minutes. In front of Treasure Island, visitors are treated to a naval battle, complete with pirates, cannons and sinking ships. The New York-New York is a reconstruction of the island of Manhattan, with skyscrapers, Brooklyn Bridge and the Statue of Liberty. The prize for the most kitsch goes to Caesar’s Palace, a replica of ancient Rome with marble columns, statues, fountains, and a golden chariot illuminated by torches; the interior houses reproductions of famous Roman statues and a copy of the Bernini fountain in Piazza Navona, it is also possible to have a drink and be waited upon by staff dressed as ancient Egyptians on Cleopatra’s Barge.
The Excalibur is located further along the Strip, the hotel resembles a castle with Merlin the magician looking out of the top window. The Luxor is a giant pyramid which houses over 5000 rooms, built to Egyptian style. The MGM Grand Hotel has copies of the famous Hollywood studios. The most recently built hotels include: Paris, Venice and Bellagio, which are scale reproductions of these towns and cities complete with Eiffel Tower, gondolas and Lake Como with a fantastic dancing fountain display. All these luxurious hotels apply a very reasonable tariff, much lower than other USA cities, basing their earnings on the gains derived from gambling. It is easy to find a double room for about 100 dollars, while those hotels located off the Strip offer much lower rates even as low as 30 dollars. The city also offers hundreds of nightly shows and exhibitions. The Las Vegas Entertainment Guide (Tel. 702-2255554) provides an updated recorded message, giving detailed information on what the city has to offer. To fully appreciate the Strip it is necessary to stroll along its length on foot. Relatively cheap taxis and buses are the best means in order to visit the rest of the city .During the day it is best to hire a car to visit the surrounding area and leave the glitter of Las Vegas for the evening.
Maps and transportationEdit
Getting to Las VegasEdit
Exploring Las VegasEdit
Practical information and resourcesEdit
Currency : The unit of currency is the US$, subdivided into 100 cents.
Electric supply: 110/120 volts, 60 hertz
Climate : desert
Opening hours : Shops are usually always open inside the hotels and casino. The shops of the city are open every day from 10 am. to 9 pm.
Telephones : Telephone code: 702
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