Dubrovnik is a Croatian city located on the Adriatic Coast in the southern part of Croatia. It is known as a heavy tourist destination attracting a global audience. Being that the city is located on the Adriatic Sea, it is heavily dependent on sea trade, and was once a prospering Maritime Republic.
The prosperity of the city of Dubrovnik has always been based on maritime trade. Historical lore indicates Dubrovnik was founded in the 7th century by Greek sailors. A key point to this theory is the fact that ships in ancient times used to travel 40-50 nautical miles per day and dock at night to rest. The ideal rest site would include a sandy shore for docking purposes as well as a fresh water source, Dubrovnik has both. It is also located halfway between two known Greek settlements, Budva and Korcula.
During the Middle Ages it was part of the Maritime Republic (consisting of Amalfi, Pisa, Genoa, and Venice). As trade developed so it did people, culture and government. During the 15th and 16th centuries, Dubrovnik prospered as a diplomatic province, rivaling Venice is meritime trade.