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Crescent City, CaliforniaEdit

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This article is about the city in Northern California. For other cities with the same name, see Crescent City (disambiguation).

Crescent City

City

[1]

Crescent City harbor

Nickname(s): "The Redwood Gate to the Golden State"

[2]

Location in Del Norte County and the state of California

[3]

Crescent City

Location in California

Coordinates: 41°45′21″N 124°12′06″WCoordinates: 41°45′21″N 124°12′06″W

Country

United States

State

California

County

Del Norte, Humboldt

Government

Mayor

Kathryn Murray

Senate

Doug LaMalfa (R)

Assembly

Wesley Chesbro (D)

U.S. Congress

Mike Thompson (D)

Area[1]

•Total

2.415 sq mi (6.255 km2)

•Land

1.963 sq mi (5.085 km2)

•Water

0.452 sq mi (1.170 km2) 18.7%

Elevation

43 ft (13 m)

Population (2010)

•Total

7,643

•Density

3,164.8/sq mi (1,221.9/km2)

Time zone

Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)

•Summer (DST)

PDT (UTC-7)

ZIP codes

95531, 95532, 95538

Area code(s)

707

FIPS code

06-17022

GNIS feature ID

0277494

Website

www.crescentcity.org

Crescent City is the county seat and only incorporated city in Del Norte County, California. and the second county seat in Humboldt County, California Named for the crescent-shaped stretch of sandy beach south of the city, Crescent City had a total population of 7,643 in the 2010 census, up from 4,006 in the 2000 census. The population includes inmates at Pelican Bay State Prison, also within the city limits, and the former census-designated place Crescent City North annexed to the city. The city is also the site of the Redwood National Park headquarters, as well as the historic Battery Point Light. Due to the richness of the local Pacific Ocean waters and the related catch, and ease of access, Crescent City Harbor serves as home port for numerous commercial fishing vessels.Edit

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The city is located on the Pacific coast in the upper northwestern part of California, about 20 miles (32 km) from the Oregon border. Crescent City's offshore geography makes it unusually susceptible to tsunamis.[2] For example, much of the city was destroyed by one generated by the Good Friday Earthquake off Anchorage, Alaska in 1964. More recently, the city's harbor suffered extensive damage and destruction due to tsunamis generated by the March 11, 2011 earthquake off Sendai, Japan. Several dozen vessels and many of the docks they were moored to were destroyed as wave cycles related to the tsunamis exceeded 8 feet.[3][4]Edit

ContentsEdit

[4] Edit

editGeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2), of which 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) (81.3%) is land and 18.7% is water.Edit

Crescent City is about 20 miles from the border of California and Oregon.Edit

The mouth of Elk Creek, where it flows into the Pacific Ocean, is in Crescent City.Edit

editClimateEdit

Crescent City has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb) that is sometimes classified owing to its high rainfall as an oceanic climate. It is one of the wettest places in California: the annual rainfall is 67 in (1,700 mm). The wettest months are from October to March; the wettest month is December with 11 inches (280 mm) and the driest month is July with less than 0.5 in (13 mm). The average high and low temperatures in January are 54 °F (12 °C)and 41 °F (5 °C). The average high and low temperatures in August are 66 °F (19 °C) and51 °F (11 °C). Average number of days below 32 °F (0 °C) is 15 days.[5]Edit

The highest temperature recorded in Crescent City was 93 °F (34 °C), observed on September 24, 1964, June 1, 1970, and October 10, 1991. The lowest temperature on record was 19 °F (−7 °C) on December 21, 1990.Edit

The maximum monthly precipitation was 31.25 inches (794 mm) in November 1973. The maximum 24-hour precipitation was 7.73 inches (196 mm) on January 9, 1995. The highest snowfall recorded for any period from one month to 24 hours was 6.0 inches (15 cm) occurring on January 6, 1972.[6] Since 1990, snow has not fallen in Crescent City.Edit

[5]Climate data for Crescent City, CAEdit

MonthEdit

JanEdit

FebEdit

MarEdit

AprEdit

MayEdit

JunEdit

JulEdit

AugEdit

SepEdit

OctEdit

NovEdit

DecEdit

YearEdit

Record high °F (°C)Edit

=====75 (24)=====

=====78 (26)=====

=====76 (24)=====

=====90 (32)=====

=====92 (33)=====

=====93 (34)=====

=====83 (28)=====

=====91 (33)=====

=====93 (34)=====

=====93 (34)=====

=====79 (26)=====

=====80 (27)=====

=====93 (34)=====

Average high °F (°C)Edit

=====53.6 (12.0)=====

=====54.4 (12.4)=====

=====54.6 (12.6)=====

=====56.6 (13.7)=====

=====59.6 (15.3)=====

=====62.7 (17.1)=====

=====65.4 (18.6)=====

=====66.0 (18.9)=====

=====66.0 (18.9)=====

=====63.0 (17.2)=====

=====56.7 (13.7)=====

=====54.0 (12.2)=====

=====59.4 (15.2)=====

Average low °F (°C)Edit

=====39.6 (4.2)=====

=====41.2 (5.1)=====

=====41.8 (5.4)=====

=====43.3 (6.3)=====

=====46.0 (7.8)=====

=====48.4 (9.1)=====

=====50.4 (10.2)=====

=====50.8 (10.4)=====

=====48.7 (9.3)=====

=====45.4 (7.4)=====

=====42.0 (5.6)=====

=====38.9 (3.8)=====

=====44.7 (7.1)=====

Record low °F (°C)Edit

=====22 (−6)=====

=====24 (−4)=====

=====28 (−2)=====

=====30 (−1)=====

=====32 (0)=====

=====37 (3)=====

=====40 (4)=====

=====41 (5)=====

=====36 (2)=====

=====32 (0)=====

=====25 (−4)=====

=====19 (−7)=====

=====19 (−7)=====

Rainfall inches (mm)Edit

=====10.15 (257.8)=====

=====9.18 (233.2)=====

=====9.22 (234.2)=====

=====5.13 (130.3)=====

=====3.13 (79.5)=====

=====1.57 (39.9)=====

=====0.4 (10)=====

=====0.74 (18.8)=====

=====1.67 (42.4)=====

=====4.56 (115.8)=====

=====9.84 (249.9)=====

=====11.23 (285.2)=====

=====66.82 (1,697.2)=====

Avg. rainy days(≥0.01 inch)Edit

12.8Edit

11.5Edit

13.4Edit

10.2Edit

6.8Edit

4.4Edit

1.6Edit

2.8Edit

3.7Edit

6.4Edit

12.2Edit

11.9Edit

97.7Edit

Source: NOAA[7]Edit

editTsunamisEdit

[6]Edit

Battery Point Lighthouse, viewed from jettyEdit

[7]Edit

Crescent City's jettyEdit

The topography of the sea floor surrounding Crescent City has the effect of focusing tsunamis. According to researchers at Humboldt State University and the University of Southern California, the city experienced tsunami conditions 31 times between the years 1933 and 2008.[8] Although many of these incidents were barely perceptible, eleven events included wave measurements exceeding one meter, four events caused damage, and one event in particular is commonly cited as "the largest and most destructive recorded tsunami to ever strike the United States Pacific Coast."[9]Edit

On March 27, 1964, the Good Friday Earthquake off Anchorage, Alaska, set in motion local landslide tsunamis, as well as a trans-Pacific one that sped in three hours down the U.S. West Coast to the state of Washington. Destroying docks, boats, cars, coastal dwellings and surging up rivers with the same result, the tsunami continued down the coast.Edit

Within another 1½ hours, four waves struck over a two-hour period at Crescent City. When they had finished, 289 buildings and businesses had been destroyed; 1000 cars and 25 large fishing vessels crushed; 12 people were confirmed dead, over 100 were injured, and numbers were missing; 60 blocks had been inundated with 30 city blocks destroyed in total. Although most of the missing were later accounted for, not all were tracked down. Insurance adjusters estimated that the city received more damage from the tsunami on a block-by-block basis than did Anchorage from the initial earthquake.[10]Edit

The tsunami raced down the U.S. West Coast with more deaths and destruction, but no location was hit as hard as this small town was. Crescent City bore the brunt, due to its offshore geography, position relative to the earthquake’s strike-line, underwater contours such as the Cobb Seamount, and the position of rivers near the city. Although houses, buildings, and infrastructure were later rebuilt, years passed before the city recovered from the devastation to lives, property, and its economy.Edit

The city is deemed to be tsunami-ready today. Its preparedness was tested on June 14, 2005 when an earthquake measuring 7.0 on the Richter scale hit 90 miles (140 km) offshore. Reportedly, much of the city was evacuated in a matter of 20 minutes when a tsunami warning was issued, but no waves were reported.Edit

On November 15, 2006, a magnitude 8.3 earthquake struck off Simushir Island in the Kuril Islands in the western Pacific. A tsunami warning was issued but rescinded hours later. However, a surge from that quake did hit the harbor at Crescent City causing damage to three docks and several boats. Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger declared a county state of emergency. Upon that declaration, the area affected was eligible for federal emergency relief funding to repair the damage.[11]Edit

Parts of the city were evacuated on March 11, 2011, after a 9.0 earthquake struck Japan.[12][13]Thirty-five boats were destroyed, and the harbor suffered major damage.[3][14] Peak surge reported exceeded over 8 feet by 9:50am.[15] Five were swept out to sea, and one person killedShoppingEdit

editPoliticsEdit

In the state legislature Crescent City is located in the 4th Senate District, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa, and in the 1st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Wes Chesbro. Federally, Crescent City is located in California's 1st congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +10[17] and is represented by Democrat Mike Thompson.Edit

editDemographicsEdit

Historical populationsEdit

CensusEdit

Pop.Edit

Edit

1860Edit

638Edit

=====—=====

1870Edit

458Edit

−28.2%Edit

1890Edit

907Edit

=====—=====

1900Edit

699Edit

−22.9%Edit

1910Edit

1,114Edit

59.4%Edit

1920Edit

955Edit

−14.3%Edit

1930Edit

1,720Edit

80.1%Edit

1940Edit

1,363Edit

−20.8%Edit

1950Edit

1,706Edit

25.2%Edit

1960Edit

2,958Edit

73.4%Edit

1970Edit

2,586Edit

−12.6%Edit

1980Edit

3,075Edit

18.9%Edit

1990Edit

4,380Edit

42.4%Edit

2000Edit

7,347Edit

67.7%Edit

2010Edit

7,643Edit

4.0%Edit

[18][19][20]Edit

edit2010Edit

The 2010 United States Census[21] reported that Crescent City had a population of 7,643. The population density was 3,164.9 people per square mile (1,222.0/km²). The racial makeup of Crescent City was 5,052 (66.1%) White, 910 (11.9%) African American, 370 (4.8%) Native American, 333 (4.4%) Asian, 7 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 696 (9.1%) from other races, and 275 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,342 persons (30.6%).Edit

The Census reported that 4,063 people (53.2% of the population) lived in households, 28 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 3,552 (46.5%) were institutionalized.Edit

There were 1,707 households, out of which 559 (32.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 512 (30.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 314 (18.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 114 (6.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 170 (10.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 7 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 614 households (36.0%) were made up of individuals and 229 (13.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38. There were 940 families (55.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.13.Edit

The population was spread out with 1,107 people (14.5%) under the age of 18, 934 people (12.2%) aged 18 to 24, 3,292 people (43.1%) aged 25 to 44, 1,725 people (22.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 585 people (7.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.9 years. For every 100 females there were 250.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 298.5 males.Edit

There were 1,906 housing units at an average density of 789.2 per square mile (304.7/km²), of which 532 (31.2%) were owner-occupied, and 1,175 (68.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 7.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.8%. 1,203 people (15.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,860 people (37.4%) lived in rental housing units.Edit

edit2003Edit

As of the 2003 Population Estimate from the Census Bureau, there are 7,319 people residing in the city. Census data from the year 2000 indicate that the population density is 2,252.2 people per square mile (868.9/km²). There are 1,754 housing units at an average density of 986.1 per square mile (380.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 78.3% White, 0.5% Black or African American, 6.1% Native American, 4.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.3% from other races, and 6.0% from two or more races. 11.0% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.Edit

There are 1,578 households out of which 35.6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.4% are married couples living together, 20.5% have a female householder with no husband present, and 41.7% are non-families. 35.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 13.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.40 and the average family size is 3.12.Edit

In the city the population is spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 32 years. For every 100 females there are 85.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 82.4 males.Edit

The median income for a household in the city is $20,133, and the median income for a family is $22,058. Males have a median income of $36,667 versus $19,922 for females. The per capita income for the city is $12,833. 34.6% of the population and 33.7% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 46.6% of those under the age of 18 and 4.8% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.Edit

editTransportationEdit

Highway access is provided by U.S. Route 101 that runs directly through the city, connecting the Oregon Coast to the north and Eureka to the south. U.S. Route 199 begins just north of Crescent City and heads northeast to Grants Pass, Oregon. The junction of U.S. Routes 101 and 199 is one of only two junctions of two U.S. Routes in California, the other being the junction of U.S. Routes 6 and 395 in Bishop.Edit

SkyWest Airlines conducts passenger flights to and from Jack McNamara Field Airport as United Express. The majority of flights connect to San Francisco International Airport. The airport also features one daily flight to Sacramento International Airport through Arcata-Eureka Airport.Edit

Local public transit is provided by Redwood Coast Transit and by various taxi companies, which provides access to Amtrak passenger train (via Amtrak bus) service.Edit

The Crescent City Harbor serves as a commercial fishing port for salmon, shrimp, tuna, cod, and dungeness crab commercial fishing vessels. The Harbor is also home to multiple fishing and non-fishing related businesses and harbor governmental offices. The Crescent City Harbor also has several pleasure boat docks.Edit

editHistoric shipsEdit

Crescent City was the name of a 113 ton schooner built in 1848 by Joshua T. Foster of Medford, MA.[22] A 1906 ship named Crescent Citywas the former Jim Butler, a 701 ton steam schooner built by Lindstrom Shipbuilding Company in Aberdeen, Washington. She was wrecked in the Channel Islands, off Santa Cruz Island, in 1927.[23] The Brother Jonathan a paddle steamer crashed on uncharted rock near Point St. George, off the coast of Crescent City, California, on July 30, 1865.

editShoppingEdit

Department: Walmart, Dollar Tree, JCPenney, Payless ShoeSource

Hardware: Home Depot, Ace Hardware

Grocery: Safeway, Rays Food Place, ShopSmart, Grocery Outlet

Pharmacy: Rite Aid, Walgreens

Electrioncs: RadioShack

Dining: McDonald's, Burger King, Subway, Taco Bell, Denny's, Pizza Hut, Papa Murphys, Jack In The Box,

Lodging: Best Western, Super 8, Econo Lodge

Gas: 76, Chevron, Shell

AttractionsEdit

editCrescent City properEdit

Crescent City also boasts one of the few fireworks displays for the Fourth of July holiday in the immediate geographic location.Edit

editNearbyEdit

[8]Edit

Map of the area surrounding Crescent City, CaliforniaEdit

editNotable residentsEdit

editSchoolsEdit

editPublic schoolsEdit

The public schools of Crescent City are part of the Del Norte County Unified School District(website), which encompasses all of the public schools in Del Norte County. The following are schools within Crescent City or its immediate environs.Edit

  • =====Del Norte High School is the only public high school in Crescent City, located on the northern edge of town. It replaced the earlier high school that was more centrally located, and which remains today as a public-access gymnasium and county offices. (website)=====
  • =====Bess Maxwell Elementary School is the older of two elementary schools in the northern part of town that are located near the high school. Bess Maxwell serves grades 1–5. In its earlier years, it was a K–6 school.=====
  • =====Castle Rock Charter School is a K–12 charter school that provides personalized education to students, and is the liaison school for parents who home school their children. Among other programs, it operates the Tah-Ah-Dun American Indian Magnet School to provide for the unique requirements of American Indian students that might be at risk of dropping out of school. (Tah-Ah-Dun is the Tolowa name for Crescent City, honoring the Tolowa village that once stood where Crescent City is today.) The school is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges.=====
  • =====Crescent Elk Middle School is the oldest operating school site in town, centrally located in Crescent City. The site was originally a K–8 school, but slowly shed grade levels to other schools as it became a 4–6 school with a separate 7–8 program, then the 6–8 program that it is today.=====
  • =====Mary Peacock Elementary School is the newer of two elementary schools that are located near the high school. The creation of Pelican Bay State Prison caused an increase in housing demand in the Crescent City area, and an increased school district population. This school was built as a result of that demand, but is not directly associated with the prison.=====
  • =====Joe Hamilton Elementary School is a K–5 school located near Crescent Elk Middle School. It was founded as a K–3 school.=====
  • =====Pine Grove Elementary School has been a K–6 school for many years. It serves the eastern part of Crescent City.=====

editSee alsoEdit

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