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The capitol Algiers at night.

Algeria, covering an area of 2,381,741 km², is the second largest country of Africa, the first being Sudan. The name Algeria is derived from the Arabic word al-jazā’ir, that is, the islands. This probably refers to the four islands which were located off the city of Algiers and which later on became part of the mainland. This may be true too as the older name of the country was jazā’ir banī mazghannā - "the islands of (the tribe) Bani Mazghanna". The estimated population of the country in 2005 was 32,854,000. Major cities of Algeria are Algiers, Oran and Constantine.

Algeria's climate is hot though a little milder in the coastal region. Its terrain is mountainous, particularly the coastal area. However, certain regions south of the coast are fertile. If you move further south from this fertile area, you will again find mountain ranges of the Atlas Mountain.


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  • Currency: Algerian dinar (DZD)
  • Time zone: CET (UTC+1)
  • Official language(s): Arabic


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