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Afghanistan

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Afghanistan
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Afghanistan
Afghanistan map 001
Information

Capital

Kabul

Language(s)

Dari Persian, Pashtu (both official), other Turkic and minor languages

Area

652,230 km2 (41st) 251,827 sq mi

Population

31,108,077

Time Zone

D† (UTC+4:30)

Ethnic Groups

Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimaks 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, others 4%

Demonym

Afghan

Government

Islamic Republic

Currency

Afghani

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800px-Mazar-e sharif - Steve Evans

Mazar-e-Sharif, a blue-coloured Mosques, in Afghanistan

Afghanistan (official name: the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan) is a landlocked country of Asia. Althought it is generally considered as forming part of Central Asia, it has close linguistinc and geographical links with some of the countries of South Asia and the Middle East. The literal meaning of Afghanistan is the land of the Afghans. Its capital is Kabul and its population is 29,863,000 (estimated: 2005). For centuries it had remained a closed countries though armies have passed through its territoties to invade the lands on the plains of the Indus Valley of Pakistan and onwards to India. In the process, it has also faced many wars.


Tips for: backpackersbusiness travelersluxury/exotic travelhitchhikersfamiliesseniorsLBG travelerspet owners

Hotels and lodgingEdit

AttractionsEdit

Afghanistan is an ancient country located at the cross road of Asia, and for ages caravans of merchants and armies of the invaders have passed through the lands of Afghanistan. It is natural that the country has some special places of historical significance, apart from the natural beauties which the landscape of Afghanistan has to offer. Some of the important sites of Afghanistan interesting from the point of view of the tourists and visitors are:

Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley
446px-GBA8

Buddhas of Bamiyan Valley

This is a UNESCO-identified World Heritage Site in Afghanistan. While declaring the site as a World Heritage, the UNSECO has declared: "The cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the Bamiyan Valley represent the artistic and religious developments which from the 1st to the 13th centuries characterized ancient Bakhtria, integrating various cultural influences into the Gandhara school of Buddhist art. The area contains numerous Buddhist monastic ensembles and sanctuaries, as well as fortified edifices from the Islamic period." The site witnessed destruction at the hands of the militant forces of Afghanistan in March 2001, and attracted world wide criticism. Still after the destruction, the place continues to have many archeological and other remains of great importance.

Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam
Jam Minaret decoration

Minaret of Jam

This is also a UNESCO-declared World Heritage Site in Afghanistan, and the UNSECO has described its importance in these words: "The 65m-tall Minaret of Jam is a graceful, soaring structure, dating back to the 12th century. Covered in elaborate brickwork with a blue tile inscription at the top, it is noteworthy for the quality of its architecture and decoration, which represent the culmination of an architectural and artistic tradition in this region. Its impact is heightened by its dramatic setting, a deep river valley between towering mountains in the heart of the Ghur province."

While in Afghanistan, you should try to see both the World Heritage Sites, and both are in danger of further damage.

ShoppingEdit

Maps and transportationEdit

Getting to AfghanistanEdit

Exploring AfghanistanEdit

Practical information and resourcesEdit

  • Currency: Afghani (Af) (AFN)
  • Time zone: (UTC+4:30)
  • Languages: Pashto & Persian (Darī)

RestaurantsEdit

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well afghanistan has close historical links with both paksiatn and kashmir.

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